Estimates of changes in energy consumption of road transport made by the delegation Nord - Pas-de-Calais ADEME and the Regional Council Nord - Pas-de-Calais reflect the significant increase in regional traffic.
The increase in road transport energy consumption between 1990 and 2000, is more important than the national trend: + 20% + in the region against 15% across the country.It is particularly strong (+38%) for the transport of goods (trucks and vans) when she was more modest (+11%) for passenger transport (passenger cars).
As for the very rapid growth in commercial vehicle traffic light, she accompanied the development of freight transport in urban areas.The share of freight transport in the energy consumption of traffic, a marked increase.
Regional GDP increased between 1990 and 2000 at a rate slightly below the national average, but in the region, growth in energy consumption for road transport of goods was twice the increase in building wealth (GDP)
The small increase of the population of Nord - Pas-de-Calais on the period 1990-1999 (+0.8%) partly explains why the energy consumption of private cars is increasing at a slower pace at regional